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 Module 6:  Takeoff and Landings
For this module, read Airplane Flying Handbook (FAA-H-8083-3B) Chapter 5

  • Before starting this module: read Airplane Flying Handbook (FAA-H-8083-3B) Chapter 5

  • It is important to have an understanding of the definition of each "V" speed. 

  • After the reading, you will have an overview and better understanding of each "V" speed. Take time to memorize the following for your aircraft: 


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  • The aircraft checklist has the various speeds listed at the bottom. 

  • It is important to be familiar with these speeds to properly operate the aircraft:

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​Short-field Takeoff and Landing

  • The following video shows how to properly accomplish a short field takeoff and landing:

Soft-field Takeoff and Landing:

  • From the FAA handbook; The Soft-field takeoff is very similar to a normal takeoff, just with a few additional steps.​

  • Remember, the goal is to protect the nose gear and keep it from the rough ground as much as possible:


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  • The following videos shows how to properly accomplish a soft field takeoff and landing:

Crosswind landing:

  • It is rare to land on a runway where the runway is directly aligned with the direction of the wind

  • When approaching a runway with a crosswind, the airplane tends to drift in the direction of the wind.

  • To keep the wind from pushing the aircraft to the left or the right of the runway, we use "crab" to keep the aircraft straight. "Crab" is the action of pointing the nose into the direction of the wind to keep it from drifting.  

  • When rounding out and beginning the phase of landing, we must align the aircraft with the runway. We can no longer continue to crab. 

  • To align the aircraft, remember these steps:

    1. Roll the aircraft into the direction of the wind (to avoid drifting downwind)​

    2. Apply opposite rudder to align the aircraft with the runway 

    3. Continue the landing phase


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